Preparation and Characterization of Pectin Hydroxamates from Citrus Unshiu Peels

In Young Bae, Hyun Jae Rha, Suyong Lee, Hyeon Gyu Lee


Pectin was extracted from unshiu orange (Citrus unshiu) peels and was subjected to chemical modification using hydroxamic acid. The structural and physical properties of the resulting derivatives were then investigated as a function of hydroxamic acid content (4.68-9.58%). The extracted unshiu orange pectin showed 66.8% degree of esterification, 787.5 mg/g galacturonic acid, and 92 mg/g neutral sugars, which were composed of arabinose (53%), galactose (35%), glucose (5%), rhamnose (5%), and fructose (2%). Compared to the native pectin, the FT-IR spectra of the hydroxamic acid derivatives showed two new absorption bands at 1,646 cm-1 (C=O) and 1,568 cm-1 (N-H). Specifically, the pectin derivatives with more hydroxamic acids were shown to have enhanced water solubility, even two-fold higher than that of the native pectin. Thus, the introduction of hydroxamic acid into the pectin structure seemed to be a useful tool for improving the functionality of pectin.


unshiu orange peel; pectin; hydroxamic acid; FT-IR; water solubility

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ISSN number: 2150-2668

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